Transactional and Transformational Relationships, Personality Traits and Satisfaction

Outside of the business domain there isn’t a lot of empirical research on the difference between transactional and transformational relationships, or the traits of people who tend to engage in either type of relationship. As a result, this is an area that merits more investigation. For example, answers to the following basic questions about transactional and transformational relationships have no general consensus:

  1. What is the average length of each type of relationship?
  2. Are there any personality traits that are correlated with each type of relationship?
  3. What is the average satisfaction level of…


Photo by IB Wira Dyatmika

Existing LAT Research and Reasons for LAT

What does the empirical research on LAT tell us? There aren’t a lot of studies and most studies are from Europe. The most comprehensive study of LAT was conducted in the UK between 2010 and 2012. It found that approximately 9% of people surveyed were LAT for various reasons, e.g., they preferred it (30%), it was too early in the relationship to live together (31%), financial constraints (12%), situational constraints such as school or work prevented them from living together (19%), etc.

What demographic information do we know about people in LAT relationships…


Beyond a quick perusal of news headlines about incels or gun violence, there is an abundance of gloomy statistics chronicled in books and documentaries about the many social problems facing men today, e.g., higher rate of suicide completion, poor outcomes in the education system, diminishing post-secondary enrollment, higher rates of incarceration and substance abuse, and a decrease in the self-reporting of well-being, etc. These pessimistic statistics are compounded by the changing roles of masculinity that boys and men are traversing today. …


According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness roughly 1 in 5 people have a diagnosed mental illness. Despite its prevalence, we still don’t talk about mental health struggles enough. And the reason is well-known: stigma.

Stigma is real. And yet paradoxically stigma is perpetuated by not talking about mental health struggles, not sharing our stories about our mental health struggles with others. One important question related to mental health struggles and stigma that isn’t talked about enough is: should people in relationships disclose their mental health struggles to their partners?

It’s a generally accepted platitude that disclosure of mental…


It’s a platitude that the ultimate goal of human life is happiness. Another perhaps lesser known feature of happiness is that it’s a side-effect of something else, e.g., actions, events, things (that we obtain), goals that we achieve, etc. But after this, disagreement sets in about what particular things produce happiness. For some people knowledge produces happiness; while for others professional success produces happiness; or still further, one might think that some material object like money produces happiness. I’m not here to say that either of these things is better or worse when it comes to producing happiness. Instead I…


My view of Buddhism is by no means static, but ever since I was exposed to it over 25 years ago my intuitions about Buddhism and its consequent appeal was that it was much more of a practical guide for well-being than a religion resting on a set of doctrines or a metaphysical theory. In other words, I never really saw Buddhism as an “ism” at all. Instead there were things that Buddha had said, which were primarily about how to live a life that was free as possible from suffering, anguish, etc. And living this sort of life had…


Let’s begin with the conventional understanding of philosophical counseling. According to the Preamble of the NPCA Standards of Practice:
“a philosophical practitioner [counselor] helps clients to clarify, articulate, explore and comprehend philosophical aspects of their belief systems or world views….Clients may consult philosophical practitioners for help in exploring philosophical problems related to such matters as mid-life crises, career changes, stress, emotions, assertiveness, physical illness, death and dying, aging, meaning of life, and morality.”
As such, related activities commonly include:

  • the examination of clients’ arguments and justifications
  • the clarification, analysis, and definition of important terms and concepts
  • the exposure and examination…

Sean Millard

ABD in Philosophy, Senior Public Policy Analyst building freelance writing portfolio. Collaborate, contact me at srmillard@gmail.com IG @philo_mentoring

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store